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Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen,[1] the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika. Yugoslavia's communist regime collapses amidst increasing internal tensions and multiparty elections held within its constituent republics result in separatist governments being elected in most of the republics marking the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia. Also in this year began the crisis that would lead to the Gulf War in 1991 following the Iraq invasion and the largely internationally unrecognized annexation of Kuwait resulting in a crisis in the Persian Gulf involving the issue of the sovereignty of Kuwait and fears by Saudi Arabia over Iraqi aggression against their oil fields near Kuwait, this resulted in Operation Desert Shield being enacted with an international coalition of military forces being built up on the Kuwaiti-Saudi border with demands for Iraq to peacefully withdraw from Kuwait. Also in this year, Nelson Mandela was released from prison, and Margaret Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after over 11 years.

1990 was an important year in the Internet's early history. In the fall of 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the first web server and the foundation for the World Wide Web. Test operations began around December 20 and it was released outside CERN the following year.[2] 1990 also saw the official decommissioning of the ARPANET, a forerunner of the Internet system and the introduction of the first content search engine, Archie on September 10.[3]

September 14, 1990 saw the first case of successful somatic gene therapy on a patient.[4]

Due to the early 1990s recession that began that year and uncertainty due to the collapse of the socialist governments in Eastern Europe, birth rates in many countries stopped rising or fell steeply in 1990. In most western countries the Echo Boom peaked in 1990; fertility rates declined thereafter.[5]

Encyclopædia Britannica, which ceased printing in 2012, saw its highest all time sales in 1990; 120,000 volumes were sold that year.[6] The number of librarians in the United States also peaked around 1990.[7]

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Events

January

File:Leaning Tower of Pisa.jpg
File:Exval.jpeg

February

March

April

File:1990-Moscow.jpg

May

June

July

File:Philippines relief location map (square).svg

August

File:Gulf War Photobox.jpg

September

October

File:Flag of Germany.svg

November

File:ThatcherProfile.JPG

December

World population

World population
1990 1985 1995
World 5,263,593,000 4,830,979,000 10px 432,614,000 +8.95 % 5,674,380,000 10px 410,787,000 +7.80 %
Africa 622,443,000 541,718,000 10px 80,629,000 +14.88 % 707,462,000 10px 85,019,000 +13.66 %
Asia 3,167,807,000 2,887,552,000 10px 280,255,000 +9.71 % 3,430,052,000 10px 262,245,000 +8.28 %
Europe 721,582,000 706,009,000 10px 15,573,000 +2.21 % 727,405,000 10px 5,823,000 +0.81 %
Latin America 441,525,000 401,469,000 10px 40,056,000 +9.98 % 481,099,000 10px 39,574,000 +8.96 %
North America 283,549,000 269,456,000 10px 14,093,000 +5.23 % 299,438,000 10px 15,889,000 +5.60 %
Oceania 26,687,000 24,678,000 10px 2,009,000 +8.14 % 28,924,000 10px 2,237,000 +8.38 %

Births

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January

File:Liam Hemsworth June 2016.jpg
File:Grant Gustin SDCC 2017.jpg
File:Christopher Massey graduating High School.JPG

February

File:Dominic Sherwood (22429006997).jpg
File:Brett Dier at 2015 PaleyFest.jpg
File:The Weeknd August 2017.jpg
File:Park Shin-hye para Marie Claire Korea -마리25주년 스타들의 축하 릴레이 - 박신혜 01.png

March

File:Princess Eugenie, 2017.jpg
File:Laura Harrier Cannes 2018 2.jpg
File:Thomas Rhett 2013.jpg
File:Cassie Scerbo 2009.jpg

April

File:20170708 SMTOWN LIVE - 종현 '데자부' 4K 직캠.jpg
File:Kristen Stewart Cannes 2018 (cropped).jpg
File:Emma Watson 2013.jpg

May

File:Academy Awards afterparty CUN Kay Panabaker.jpg
File:Wardell, Jubilee Music & Arts Festival, Los Angeles Arts District, June 7, 2013 (8992383197) (cropped).jpg
File:Thomas Brodie-Sangster by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
File:Leven Rambin October 2014.jpg

June

File:Iggy Azalea August 2015.jpg
File:Lauren Socha 2011.jpg
File:Matthias Mayer January 2014.jpg
File:Aaron Taylor-Johnson SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg
File:John-Newman 2014-01-18 1846 photoby-Adam-Bielawski.jpg
File:Ashly Burch at PAX Prime 2013 (9675510198).jpg

July

File:Margot Robbie 2018 (cropped).png
File:Connor Paolo at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg
File:James-maslow-header.jpg
File:Daveigh Chase LF adjusted.jpg
File:Jay McGuiness 2012.jpg

August

File:Bill Skarsgard by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
File:Lucas Till (cropped).jpg
File:Jennifer Lawrence SDCC 2015 X-Men.jpg

September

File:Merritt Patterson 2015 TCA Press Tour (cropped).jpg
File:YuNaKimInVancouver.jpg
File:Allison Scagliotti by Gage Skidmore.jpg
File:Christian Serratos by Gage Skidmore.jpg

October

File:Emiliano Sala.jpg

November

File:Kendall Schmidt concert in Mannheim.jpg
File:Jean-Luc Bilodeau (Straighten Crop).jpg
File:Sarah Hyland at 2015 PaleyFest.jpg
File:Carlsen Magnus (30238051906).jpg

December

File:ChanelIman.jpg
File:Jojo in 2011.jpg
File:David Archuleta 2010.jpg

Deaths

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January

File:Alberto Lleras Camargo.jpg
File:Cerenkov.jpg
File:HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni.jpg
File:Barbara Stanwyck in The Lady Eve trailer.JPG
File:Ava Gardner barefoot contessa crop.jpg

February

File:José Napoleón Duarte 1987c.jpg
File:Johnnie Ray Allan Warren.jpg
File:Pertini ritratto.jpg

March

File:Gary merrill.png
File:Kavi Yogi Maharishi Dr. Shuddhananda Bharati, 1984.jpg
File:Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F026295-0025, Bonn, Konzert Landesvertretung Baden-Württemberg.jpg

April

File:Ralph Abernathy.jpg
File:Greta Garbo - 1935.jpg
File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1988-1108-035, Horst Sindermann.jpg

May

File:Olympia-Kanone 1936.jpg
File:Sammy Davis Jr. 1972.jpg
File:Jim Henson (1989) headshot.jpg

June

File:Rex Harrison Allan Warren.jpg
File:José Figueres Ferrer 1.png
File:President Germán Suárez Flamerich.jpg

July

File:Yun Bo-seon.jpg
File:Bruno Kreisky 1983.jpg

August

File:Victor Tsoi 1986 cropped.jpg
File:Pearl Bailey - publicity.jpg
File:Luigi Beccali.jpg

September

File:IreneDunneinLoveAffair.jpg
File:Ahtikarjalainen.jpg
File:Samuel Kanyon Doe.jpg

October

File:Beatrice Hutton.png
File:JuanJoseArevaloBermejo - cropped.jpg
File:Leonard Bernstein by Jack Mitchell.jpg

November

File:Robert Hofstadter.jpg
File:Roald Dahl.jpg
File:Le Président Nguyen Van Tam décore le drapeau de l'école d'E.O.R, boulevard Charner, Saigon, c. 1953.png

December

File:Aaron Copland 1970.JPG
File:Naoto Tajima 01.jpg
File:Tunku abd rahman.jpg
File:Armand Hammer 82.jpg

Nobel Prizes

Fields Medal

References

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